Strauss’s most famous single composition is "An der schönen blauen Donau" (1867; The Blue Danube), the main theme of which became one of the best-known tunes in 19th-century music. His many other melodious and successful waltzes include "Morgenblätter" (1864; Morning Papers), Künstlerleben (1867; Artist’s Life), "Geschichten aus dem Wienerwald" (1868; Tales from the Vienna Woods), "Wein, Weib und Gesang" (1869; Wine, Women and Song), "Wiener Blut" (1871; Vienna Blood), and "Kaiserwaltzer" (1888).
Of his nearly 500 dance pieces, more than 150 were waltzes. Among his stage works, Die Fledermaus (1874; The Bat) became the classical example of Viennese operetta. Equally successful was Der Zigeunerbaron (1885; The Gypsy Baron). Among his numerous other operettas are Der Karneval in Rom (1873; The Roman Carnival) and Eine Nacht in Venedig (1883; A Night in Venice).